The Ultrasound Visualization Pipeline - A Survey

Åsmund Birkeland

Veronika Solteszova

Dieter Hönigmann

Odd Helge Gilja

Svein Brekke

Timo Ropinski

Ulm University

Ivan Viola




Ultrasound is the most frequently used imaging modality in medicine. The high spatial resolution, its interactive nature and non-invasiveness makes it the first choice in many examinations. Image interpretation is one of the ultrasounds main challenges. Much training is required to obtain a confident skill level in ultrasound-based diagnostics. State-of-the-art graphics techniques is needed to provide meaningful visualizations of ultrasound in real-time In this paper we present the process-pipeline for ultrasound visualization, including an overview of the tasks performed in the specific steps. To provide an insight into the trends of ultrasound visualization research, we have selected a set of significant publications and divide them into a technique-based taxonomy covering the topics pre-processing, segmentation, registration, rendering and augmented reality. For the different technique types we discuss the difference between ultrasound-based techniques and techniques for other modalities.


	title={The Ultrasound Visualization Pipeline - A Survey},
	author={Birkeland, {\AA}smund and Solteszova, Veronika and H{\"o}nigmann, Dieter and Gilja, Odd Helge and Brekke, Svein and Ropinski, Timo and Viola, Ivan},